What is videography? | How to shoot videos like a videographer?

What's up guys, nice to see you again on this website. so you've been into photography for a while and now you want to make a switch to videography or at least you want to start with that and that's great. because photography already gives you a good background for video production. but of course, there are some differences that can make it a bit complicated in the beginning. and that's what we are talking about today.


    Introduction to videography

    What is videography? | How to shoot videos like a videographer?
    Photographing is definitely a cool thing. sometimes I actually wish that I would also do more photography because it's a bit easier. because you don't need to bring movement in your shot to just take one picture and of course a picture needs to be good. but in videography, it's always that you also have to move your camera certainly. and so on like it's a bit more difficult sometimes. when you have one shot where you just think okay that looks nice, but you don't know how you can make it work for video. and then you probably don't do it and that's cool about a photo. but of course, video is also a lot more interesting sometimes. cuz users can do a little bit more you can show more of one place by switching scenes or you can actually tell more stories of better stories and so on especially longer stories.

    So there is definitely an advantage in both areas. but they also have some other differences technically. and that's what I want to focus on today. so there are two major differences that I want to talk about. and that is at first the type of footage that you get. and then of course how to actually use your camera for video and compared to photography. so let's start with the files that you produce at first Chris in photography. you usually shoot in RAW and that's a huge advantage, Chris well you know raw photos as a photographer right. you can do so much with it, you can push the colors around, you can lift the shadows, even if you like unexposed to stops and it still looks great . there's just so much you can do with raw photos.

    How to start videography?

    And you usually don't have that luxury with video. of course, there is the raw video as well, but that's usually more for more expensive cameras right now. only the pocket of the Blackmagic Pocket Cinema Camera 4k on the market, that is at a reasonable price for beginners, that offers raw video but even if you have a camera that can shoot raw video, it takes so much this space. that you will need a hard drive, after hard drive you need SSD to record that and so on. so that gets very expensive. it's not convenient to use. and that's why video especially when you're just starting out is shot in not raw fights like an MPEG-4 or an HG. we see that's quite a new format, and so on.

    So in compressed formats and that's a huge difference because with those formats you can't handle it, as you can do with raw food. so for example, if you underexpose a shot, you cannot simply lift the shadows and it looks great again. no, you don't have that option. so your exposure needs to be on a point directly when you shoot the video and so on, that makes everything a bit more difficult. you can also not push the colors around so much, without getting like artifacts or bending. and so on especially if you shoot an 8-bit color, because yeah that's like a small difference.

    Difference between photography and videography

    When you shouldn't draw, you usually have somewhere between 12 and 16-bit photos. and in the video you either usually have 8 bit or 10-bit videos. I don't know if you know much about that the bit thefts, but it's a lot easier to push colors around in your shot when you have 10 bit. because you have a lot more color information to work with, but it's also usually for the more advanced camera. so you probably when you're just starting off you will just shoot in 8-bit a good 10-bit camera for example right now is the GH 500 g h5 s, because these cameras offer 10 bit for recording at least in 24, 25 or 30 frames per second, not in 60 unfortunately. 


    But that already helps a lot because you can do a lot more with colors in post-production. but yeah and I mentioned before it's very likely that in the beginning. at least you will start with 8-bit, so you cannot push the colors around too much in your video files and in the editing process. that doesn't mean that you can't do anything with the images actually still a lot that you can do, but you will come to a certain point with your shots, where it just breaks apart the colors, don't look good anymore, you have like artifacts in your shot, you get bending and so on. so you will have to get used to that.

    You can't do that much with your footage, as you can do with raw photos. and that leads us to the second major part of using your camera for video. and that is that if you can't shoot in RAW, you still want to make sure that you can at least do as much with the footage, that you get as possible. and that usually means that you shoot in a flat color profile. 

    What is the flat color profile?

    The flat color profile basically means that, instead of shooting something like raw, you take a normal picture profile and you make it as flat as possible. and the first step in that process, of course, is that you choose a picture profile that in itself is already a bit flatter than other picture profiles. 
    for example, you have usually a bit more like creative picture profiles in your camera, and you don't want to use them. 

    And alike color profile or a natural color profile, because there are usually the flattest color profiles in your camera. and when you set up this picture profile you want to make it even flatter by using some other settings in your camera. for example, you can go in the picture settings, and there you can lower the contrast as much as possible. and you can also lower the saturation, then you get a very flat image that image doesn't look good definitely. but it gives you more flexibility later when you edit that picture or that video in post. 

    What you can also do in some cameras is, lift the shadows by adjusting the curves. for example on the gs5, I have this option right now. I'm shooting indecent alike. and I use this highlights shadows feature to lower the contrast of the camera. and of course, also have my contrast set to the lowest possible minus 5. and also the saturation to minus 5 and that helps if it was calibrating. 

    So that really helps a lot with your editing, but there's also another thing that you can do regarding your picture profiles. and not every camera but certain more video-focused cameras like the Panasonic gh4. and that is to shoot in the lock. and the lock is basically a picture profiler to change the curve on how your video is recalled a little bit. so that you get really the flattest image possible. and what that does is simply, that it compresses all the dynamic range of your camera in this picture profile, and this is in most shots. it's usually good cuz you can really do as much with food as possible. 

    But especially when you shoot an eight-bit. then it can sometimes be a problem. because you get some image errors and so on. but when you're outside for example. and it's a sunny day you have a lot of highlights. that you want to firm and also want to get details and your shadows. then it's usually better to a locked profile. but of course, just set up your camera in a certain way it's not everything that you need to do. when you want to shoot video with your camera, you also need to nail the exposure perfectly. when you shoot it and yeah. because you cannot change the exposure of your video too much, of course, you can still like to raise it a bit. but for example, cannot pull out any details all of the shadows anymore. that are usually lost when they are completely black. and that's why really you need to make sure that, you expose correctly. 

    So I hope I gave you a good introduction to videography. and you get nice shots in the future. if yes then please share this post with your friends now.

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